Quick!! Want to have more information on Esophageal Cancer? Here’s something for you.
This passage lets you know how esophageal cancer originates, its incidence and prevalence and also its research activities.
Know this! Esophageal cancer usually originates in the lining of the esophagus which is called the mucosa and can develop in the upper, middle, or lower section of the organ.
There are number of risk factors and various subtypes for esophageal cancer. Difficulty in swallowing or dysphagia, pain and other symptoms are the most common esophageal cancer symptoms. Esophageal cancer is diagnosed with biopsy.
By surgery small and localized tumors are treated, and by chemotherapy, radiotherapy or combinations advanced tumors are treated. Prognosis depends on the extent of the disease and other medical problems, but is fairly poor.
Now let’s see its Incidence and Prevalence.
Esophageal cancer is a relatively rare form of cancer, but some world areas have a markedly higher incidence than others: Japan, India and China, as well as the United Kingdom, appear to have a higher incidence, as well as the region around the Caspian Sea.
Annual incidence is between 0.6-6 per 100,000 for females and 3-11 per 100,000 for males.
Incidence! According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), third most common cancer of the digestive tract and the seventh leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide is the esophageal cancer. Overall incidence of the disease is highest in men above 50 years of age.
Esophageal cancer incidence varies considerably according to geographic location. It is more common in Northern Iran and southern republics of the former Soviet Union, China and is less common in Europe, Japan, Great Britain and Canada.
In the United States, the overall incidence is about 5 in 100,000 and the incidence is highest in urban areas.
Complications! As esophageal cancer advances, it makes swallowing difficult as the tumor may block more and more of your esophagus. Eventually, some people will not be able to swallow their own saliva.
To help reduce the size of the tumor or make swallowing easier your doctor may stretch your esophagus with a balloon-like device or insert a stainless steel or plastic tube (stent) to hold your esophagus open or vaporize the tumor with a laser.
Suggestions!! In order to overcome the disease these also may help:
Try more frequent, smaller meals. Instead of eating throughout the day two or three larger meals several small meals is helpful. Choose foods that are soothing and easy-to-swallow, such as soups, yogurt or milkshakes if you are nauseous or have trouble swallowing. Wow! Sounds Effective!
Deficiency! Talk to your doctor about vitamin and mineral supplements. If you haven’t been eating as much as you normally would or if your diet is restricted, you’re likely deficient in a variety of nutrients.
Have nourishing snacks within easy reach. That way, you’re more likely to eat. Fresh fruit and yogurt are good choices
Research! Various researches are conducted at different centers on the esophageal cancer like prevention, early detection, diagnosis, the biology, causes of cancer/etiology and prognosis, cancer control, treatment, survivorship and outcomes research scientific model systems.
Sounds so informational right! So hope you had enough of esophageal cancer information you were looking for. Take care!!