The nose cancer is also called as the nasal cancer. The nasal cavity is the affected area in this type of cancer.
The nostrils, the other structures inside the nose and the air passage through which the air passes to the throat in the process of breathing comprise the nasal cavity.
The cancer affecting this region is originated elsewhere in the other tissues and spreads to this area for example from the sinuses and the nasopharynx.
The most common nose cancer affecting are those affecting the cells in the epidermis lining the nasal cavity. They are typically squamous cell carcinomas named after the cells they affect.
The nose cancers which are uncommon are the melanomas and the sarcomas which arise from the color making skin cells and the muscle or connective tissue cells respectively. The nose cancer in other words affects the lining of the nose or nasopharynx or the tissue.
The nose cancer which affects the inside of the nose and the nasopharynx are not that common in Britain. Men are at high risk to develop the disease as statistics predict that men are affected three times more than women by this nose cancer.
Causes of Nose Cancer or Nasal Cancer
The exact cause of nose cancer is unknown but many risk factors are said to be associated with the development of the nose cancer. Some of them are the exposure to certain chemicals and metals, personal history of developing other cancer, and some environmental factors. The metals include nickel and chromium and chemicals used in manufacturing.
Symptoms of Nose Cancer
The symptoms of nose cancer or nasal cancer are nonspecific. This is because the early symptoms shown by this disease are very much similar to less serious nasal problems like the swelling of sinuses, frequent headaches, accompanied by other chronic infections and also blurred vision.
The main symptoms of nose cancer or the nasal cancer are a blockage or congestion in the nose. This nasal congestion is often followed by the nose bleeds or a lump in the neck.
Due to the damage caused by the tumor to the group of nerves called the cranial nerves results in deafness and weakness of one or more of the muscles in the face, tongue or throat.
In general the nose cancer symptoms can be summarized as follows:
- Nose block on any of the side accompanied by pus production, a form of nasal congestion
- A lump in the neck which did not go away from past three weeks
- Weakness in any of the muscles of the face, tongue or throat
The Government Department of Health has undertaken special care in this aspect giving instructions to the General Physicians. The conditions are implemented to avoid any negligence in case of this nose cancer.
The family doctor being approached by the person should refer the Ear Nose and Throat specialist even if the above mentioned single sign is reported by the person.
However the early detection is the best cure in case of nose cancer, sooner the disease is detected the better the survival chances through prompt and proper treatment.
Therefore it is highly recommended that even one abnormal signal of nose cancer should be reported to doctor for further verification and not be neglected.