Leukemia is a disease of the bone marrow or of the blood.
It is some form of cancer that multiplies the number of white blood cells and decreases the count of red cells in the blood.
Leukemia is known to be treatable and curable but if it is not detected in time it can be lethal.
People diagnosed with leukemia most usually treated with several different therapies.
Chemical therapy, radiotherapy or biological therapy, those are the choices that doctors mostly take for the patients.
Chemical therapy or the popular chemotherapy is a therapy that is mostly consisted of giving the patient strong drugs in order to kill the microorganisms in the blood.
This therapy is recommended because it is strong and effective, but it also has a lot of bad side effects because the drugs destroy a lot of cells in the body and not all of them are part of the disease.
Radiotherapy is basically treating a disease with radiation. This is also an effective therapy but the dangerous side effects of the radiation are always to be taken very seriously.
The biological therapy is in general a therapy that involves taking drugs that help improve the defense system of the organism. This therapy is not as common as the other two because it only works for certain types of leukemia.
But, so far, the best and the most successful treatment was proven to be the transplantation of bone marrow. This is not an easy procedure but still statistically it is the best cure for leukemia up to date and that is why people agree to go through this treatment.
Generally the leukemia treatment consists of few different phases, each of them is of vital importance for the whole healing process and if this process is stopped or interrupted without the completion of all the phases then there is a great possibility that symptoms of leukemia will start to show up again.
The first phase or the so-called induction phase is the treatment of the patient that will eliminate the disease cells from his organism.
After this starts the remission phase and it is actually the way towards achieving normality. This happens only if all the cells from the leukemia are absent so that the organism can start to heal.
The second phase or the consolidation phase consists of submitting the patient under a different but also strong treatment for a longer period. This serves to minimize the risk from suspicion of hidden symptoms.
After this the patient usually has regular periodical check-ups so that everyone is assured that no leukemia is present inside his body.